IT’S PLANTING TIME! Soil temps at Pilgrim Terrace Community Garden are 57 to 60 degrees now! Soil temps table at Fred’s. Fred is in Sacramento, so if you browse his site, consider that we are coastal and have more constant temps than where he is inland.
It’s TOMATO and Pepper time! If you didn’t get your winter squash in last month, do it NOW! Wait until May to put in your cantaloupe, but other melons are ok now. If you are growing jicama, no comparison to dry, tasteless store-bought, get ’em in ASAP so they have the needed growing time.
TOMATOES! At gardens that have the Fusarium and Verticillium wilts in the soil,choose your tomato varieties with that in mind. Heirlooms don’t have as much resistance as the toms that have VFN or VF on their tags or seed packets, like Ace, Early Girl, Champion, Celebrity. The V is for Verticillium, the F Fusarium wilt, N nematodes. Your next choice is whether to buy determinates or indeterminates. Determinates grow about 3 to 4′ tall and quit, producing lots of toms all at once, great for canning. Indeterminates vine forever all summer long, fresh table tomatoes every day! If you have soil wilt problems, planting determinates, successively, and replanting (not in the same spot) as you lose plants, may be your best solution. In these times of drought, and you have no soil wilt problems, indeterminates are the way to go so you aren’t continually watering plants that aren’t producing yet. Unless, of course, you are going to be canning. Special care is needed for tomatoes in wilt infected soils. La Sumida has the largest tomato selection in the Santa Barbara area!
Eggplant, limas, melons (wait until May for cantaloupe), okra and peppers, pumpkins! Transplant early-maturing varieties of beans, cucumbers, eggplant, melons, peppers, squash, and tomatoes. Sow and/or transplant asparagus, beets, carrots, celery, chard, corn, herbs, kale, kohlrabi, leeks, heat-tolerant leaf lettuce, okra, summer-maturing onions, parsley, peanuts, the last peas (choose a heat-tolerant variety such as Wando), white potatoes, radishes, rhubarb, and spinach. Choose heat and drought tolerant varieties when you can.
Water Wise Practices!
- Please always be building compost. Compost increases your soil’s water holding capacity.
- This California drought year consider planting IN furrows, where the moisture settles and the plants’ root areas will be slightly shaded. Rather than losing water to evaporation from overhead watering, put the water right where it will do the most good and nowhere else.
- And, PLEASE MULCH. It keeps your soil cooler, moister, less water needed.
- Sprinkle Mycorrhiza fungi right on the roots of your transplants when you put them in the ground. It increases uptake of nutrients, water, and phosphorus that helps roots and flowers grow and develop. Ask for it at Island Seed & Feed in Goleta.
Keep ’em coming! Mid April, another round! Poke in some bean seeds where your last peas are finishing, add cucumber seeds between the beans, plus dill at each end of the trellis to be there when you pickle your cukes! Plant radishes with the cukes to deter the Cucumber beetles. Plant corn in blocks, not rows, for good pollination! In a good hot area, lay in some cukes, melons or winter squash, to ramble among the corn, soon as they are tall enough. They all act as a living mulch, reducing water needs. If you mounded up basins, put a stick in there so you know where to water. Spread down a thick straw mulch to keep leaves and fruit off the ground, out of the insect zone. That is most importantly true for cucumbers. They die pretty instantly, in about 3 days, if they get wilt infected. So when you plant them, put the cukes up, the beans low, so the cuke soil can dry a bit, creating unfriendly habitat for the wilt fungi.
Plant Bee Food, Herbs and Flowers! Sow or transplant basil, borage, chervil, chamomile, chives, cilantro, comfrey, dill, fennel, lavender, marjoram, mint, oregano, rosemary, sage, savory, tarragon, and thyme. Be mindful where you plant them… Mediterranean herbs from southern France, like lavender, marjoram, rosemary, sage, savory, and thyme, do well in hot summer sun and poor but well-drained soil with minimal fertilizer. On the other hand, basil, chives, coriander (cilantro), and parsley thrive in richer soil with more frequent watering. Wise planting puts chives where you need to repel Bagrada Bugs, by your broccoli, kale, but away from peas if you are still growing some. Cilantro, a carrot family workhorse, discourages harmful insects such as aphids, potato beetles and spider mites, attracts beneficial insects when in bloom. Dill is a natural right next to the cucumbers since you will use the dill if you make pickles. They mature about the same time. Let some of your carrots, lettuces, cilantro bloom! Bees, and insect eating birds and beneficial insects love them and you will get some seeds – some for the birds, some for you! Grow beauty – cosmos, marigolds, white sweet alyssum – all benefit your garden in their own way!
May your summer garden be rich with beauty and fragrant with diversity!
See the entire April 2014 Green Bean Connection Newsletter!