Feeding. It’s heating up, your plants are growing fast, they’re hungry and need more water! Give your leaf crops like lettuce lots of Nitrogen. Don’t overfeed beans, strawberries or tomatoes or you will get lots of leaf, no crop! If you do, did, give your plants some seabird guano (bat guano is too hot sometimes). Fertilizers high in P Phosphorus bring blooms – more blooms = more fruit! Get it in bulk at Island Seed & Feed. It’s easy to apply, just sprinkle, rough up your soil surface, water in. Go lightly with your applications to young plants that could get burned. When blooming starts, give your plants phosphorus fertilizers once a week, a month, as the package says, as you feel, to keep the blooms coming! Foliar feed your peppers, solanaceaes – toms, eggplant, and your roses with Epsom Salts! Only 1 Tablespoon per gallon of water does the job!
Water deeply. Poke your finger down into the soil to see how deeply your watering has penetrated. Get one of those gurgler devices to keep the water from blasting a hole in your soil; put the hose under your veggies. Try to remember to keep moving it. That’s the main reason I don’t do that myself, I just get carried away with weeding or tending, or harvesting, chatting, and, uh oh, woops, forget, and it’s flood time. Maybe I’ll carry a pocket sized timer and experiment with the right timing per water flow? Still, it’s a nuisance to have to keep moving the durn thing. The advantage of standing there watering is you notice what’s happening in your garden and think on what to do next. Flooding isn’t good because it drowns your soil organisms, and your plants drown too, not able to get their oxygen quota. What’s weird is that some wilting plants, like chard, may not be needing water at all! Some plants just naturally wilt in midday heat. They are doing a naturely thing, their version of shutting down unneeded systems, and watering them isn’t what they need at all! Also, flooding kinda compacts your soil as the life is washed down the drain so to speak, natural healthy soil oxygen channels cave in. You see, it’s the balance you need. Water underneath rather than overhead to keep from spreading diseases like strawberry leaf spot. Harvest first while bean plants are dry so you don’t spread mildew, then water. Wash your hands if you handle diseased plants, before you move on to other plants.
Disease & Pest Prevention
- Ok, May is one of our mildew months. Get out the nonfat powered milk, throw some in your planting hole. Drench your plantlets, especially beans, melons and zucchini, while they are small, maybe every couple of weeks after that with ¼ Cup milk/Tablespoon baking soda mix, to a watering can of water. Get it up under the leaves as well as on top. That gives their immune system a boost, makes unhappy habitat for the fungi.
- Sluggo for snails/slugs – put down immediately upon planting seeds, and when transplants are installed! Remove tasty habitat and hiding places
- Trap gophers (or do what you do) immediately before they have children
- Spray off black and gray aphids, white flies – get up underneath broccoli leaves, in the curls of kale leaves. Spray the heads of broc side shoots, fava flower heads. Remove badly infested parts or plants. NO ANTS.
- Leafminers – remove blotched areas of the leaf or remove infested leaves from chard, beets. Don’t let your plants touch each other. Except for corn that needs to be planted closely to pollinate, plant randomly, biodiversely, rather than in blocks or rows. If you are planting a six-pack, split it up, 3 and 3, or 2, 3, 1, in separate places in your garden. Then if you get disease or pests in one group, they don’t get all your plants! Crunch those orange and black shield bugs, and green and black cucumber beetles (in cucumber & zuch flowers). Sorry little guys.
- Plant year round habitat for beneficial insects, pollinators – lacewings, ladybird beetles, hover flies. Let some arugula, broccoli, carrot, cilantro, mustards, parsley go to flower. Plant Borage. Bees love its beautiful edible blue star flowers, and they are lovely tossed on top of a cold crisp summer salad!